Cardiovascular Drugs Not Price Aligned with Value in US
U.S. prices of common cardiovascular drugs are not consistent with the cost-effectiveness evidence.
Health care reimbursement agencies in countries other than the US often rely on cost-effectiveness evidence for drug coverage decisions, signaling to drug manufacturers their expectations for value-based pricing. To see whether drug prices in the US are influenced by value, we estimated the range of cost-effectiveness for thirty frequently prescribed cardiovascular drugs.
We extrapolated evidence from randomized controlled trials to determine average lifetime quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) and payer-related costs and to calculate incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs), the principal metric of cost-effectiveness studies. Across the thirty drugs, the ICERs ranged from cost-saving with increased QALYs to more costly with decreased QALYs. This range suggests that drug pricing is not consistently influenced by value, or that such influence is masked by inaccessible factors, such as price discounts. Our findings highlight the need to debate how to define and use value-based evidence to inform US coverage and reimbursement decision making.
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